The story behind the song:
‘It Is Well With My Soul’
Tears and tragedy were not strangers to Horatio G. Spafford, a successful lawyer and businessman in Chicago. He had a lovely family – a wife, Anna, and five children. Their young son died with pneumonia in 1871, and in that same year, much of their business was lost in the great Chicago fire. Yet, God in his mercy and kindness allowed the business to flourish once more.
On Nov. 21, 1873, the French ocean liner, Ville du Havre was crossing the Atlantic from the United States to Europe with 313 passengers on board. Among the passengers were Mrs. Spafford and their four daughters, anticipating a wonderful holiday. Although Mr. Spafford had planned to go with his family, he stayed in Chicago to help solve an unexpected business problem.
He told his wife he would join her and their children in Europe a few days later. About four days into the crossing of the Atlantic, the Ville du Harve collided with a powerful, iron-hulled Scottish ship, the Loch Earn. Suddenly, all of those on board were in grave danger. Anna Spafford hurriedly brought her four children to the deck. She knelt there with Annie, Margaret Lee, Bessie and Tanetta and prayed that God would spare them. Within about 12 minutes the Ville du Harve almost severed during the collision, slipped beneath the dark waters of the Atlantic, carrying with it 226 of the passengers. Included in that number were the four Spafford children.
A sailor, rowing a small boat over the spot where the ship went down, spotted a woman floating on a piece of the wreckage. It was Anna Spafford, still alive. He pulled her into the boat, and they were picked up by another vessel which, nine days later, landed them in Cardiff, Wales. From there, she wired her husband a message that began, “Saved alone, what shall I do?”
Mr. Spafford later framed the telegram and placed it in his office. Another of the ship’s survivors, Pastor Weiss, later recalled Anna Spafford saying, “God gave me four daughters. Now they have been taken from me. Someday, I will understand why.” Mr. Spafford booked passage on the next available ship and left to join his grieving wife. With the ship about four days out, the captain called Spafford to his cabin and told him that they were over the place where his children went down. According to Bertha Spafford Vester, a daughter born after the tragedy, Spafford wrote: “It Is Well With My Soul” while on this journey.
“When peace like a river attendeth my way, When sorrows like sea billows roll, Whatever my lot, thou hast taught me to say, It is well, it is well with my soul.” Chorus: “It is well with my soul, It is well, it is well with my soul.” Anna Spafford gave birth to three more children, one of whom died at age 4. In August 1881, the Spaffords moved to Jerusalem. Mr. Spafford died and is buried in that city.
“And the peace of God which surpasses all understanding, shall keep your hearts your minds through Christ Jesus.” – Philippians 4:7